Department of Biotechnology, Osmania University, Telangana, India
Received Date: February 5, 2021; Accepted Date: February 16, 2021; Published Date: February 22, 2021
Citation: Spandana V (2021) Plastic surgery, J Univer Surg. Vol.9 No.2:4.
Plastic surgery is a surgical procedure that involves the alteration, restoration, and reconstruction of human body. It is divided into two main classifications: 1) reconstructive surgery 2) cosmetic surgery. The aim of the reconstructive surgery is to reconstruct a part of the body and improve its functioning, whereas cosmetic surgery is carried out to improve the appearance of the body. Examples of reconstructive surgery include craniofacial surgery, hand surgery, microsurgery, and the treatment of burns. The patients who chose for cosmetic surgery must have a positive outlook and an attitude to admire the changes they see after the surgical procedures. The purpose of the cosmetic should be especially for the self-image and not to impress others.
The father of surgery Sushruta is known to make contributions to the field of surgical operations in 6th century B.C. It is supposed that the reconstructive surgical procedures were trendy by 800 B.C. the first person on which plastic surgery seemed to be successful was Walter Yeo in 1917. The ancient Romans are known to have carried out plastic surgery to reconstruct body parts like ears. The plastic surgery procedures became a painless procedure only after the discovery of anesthesia like techniques. The use of antibiotics like sulfonamide and penicillin made it more effective.
Skin grafting is the best common practice used in plastic surgery. The source of this skin tissue may be the donor or the recipient. Functional scarcities causing from burns, injuries from a painful incident, fracture of facial bones, cancers or tumors, developmental complications etc. can be corrected using the reconstructive plastic surgery.o be present, leading to the opportunity for remote surgery.
Breast reduction plasty, breast reconstruction, scars repair and hand surgery are some other examples of reconstructive plastic surgery. Cosmetic surgery is a different way which is done to develop physical appearance and reduce signs of aging in a person. Eyelid surgery, injectable fillers on face, ear surgery and liposuction are some of the commonly carried out surgical operations.
The recognizable threat of plastic surgery is that it involves complications as well as has a risk of receiving bad work. Obviously no one wants to spend huge amounts on the surgery to look even worse than before or interested to be effected by the side effects. The advantages of plastic surgery includes ability to use repaired hand, removal of skin cancer, rhinoplasty for a young lady.cosmetic surgery is common in the lives of all age groups, everyone from child to the old can take the advantage from this procedures. The aim after the surgery includes, removal of birth marks or unattractive looking scars, re-scaling of noses, replacement of enlarged breasts or any other problem. The exclusive determination behind plastic surgery is to get a good appearance and therefore to enhance self-confidence.